Depression, technically referred to as Major Depressive Disorder, is an emotional disorder which can be accompanied by sadness, loneliness, and a decreased interest in daily activities. Depression can lead to a host of physiological symptoms including, fatigue, sleep problems, and difference in motor speed.
The Toll of Depression
The effect of depression can be substantial and the problems can take a massive toll on individuals and families. Suicidal thoughts and feelings can accompany this disorder and it can be common to feel overwhelmed, alone, confused, or consumed by emotions.
How Does Depression Surface
While genetic factors and neurochemical factors are presumed to play an important role in the onset of this disorder, it is important to recognize that the etiology of depression is complex. Major life stressors, importantly, can also affect the onset of symptoms.
Gender Differences in Depression
Depression has a higher prevalence in women than men, but it is likely that differences in accessing mental health services can account for some of these differences. Socio-cultural factors affecting the gender differences are important to note. For example, in some cultures, it is possible that males are raised to value independence to a higher degree than females. Also, it is possible that males may feel that it is less acceptable to express negative emotions and to seek emotional help.